Sparrow - the thing is, that even though there are biological differences between men and women, some that was mentioned in the article, I believe that they are so small that it really doesn't matter all that much, and it's usually an excuse for people that don't want to believe that things are very much socially constructed, much more so than they think. Just a couple of years ago, i was one of those that believed that boys and girls were different, ant there wasn't that much to do about it, men are more aggressive than women, and women are weeping pms things. But now i see how much everyday life and the environment and society do for us and the children that are raised. For the example of your daughter, you might not have taught her to love glitter, but have you thought of the possibility that other might have? friends, kindergarden, school, tv programs, movies, pictures, commercials. etc. Children are learning by doing. They see and they do. And some actually do like it, and that's okey, as long as the parents don't push their child into loving something because they are a boy or a girl. And as for some differences between boys and girls, for example: Guys are often thought of as aggressive and generally mischievous, and how do most people raise boys? by saying "boys will be boys" = allowing them to play pranks and beat friends, because that is what boys do. It's expected of them. They are therefore also allowed to take up more space than girls do. Girl on the other hand are usually encouraged to play quietly, be quiet, not be rowdy and so on. These are things we generally dont think about, that affects the way people turn out in the end. If parents encouraged their girls to be loud and mischievous they would probably become more like boys, and vice versa. The article mentions that girls usually cries more, well of course, girls are never being looked down upon when crying, cause women cries, everyone knows that... But what about those guys that want to cry but cant, because that's not manly, that's being a sissy. Maybe boys need to get in touched with their more emotional side. That would be a good thing. And yes there will be a difference between giving an 8 year old boy/girl a box of fireworks, because that's how they are raised, not because men have testosterone and women have oestrogen. And not because they have different active centres in their brains either. The article also mentions that women are "slightly better at tasks that required finger dexterity and quick thinking" then why are there more male surgeons for example? Turambar - Yet again, I believe why this is, is because the way we raise our children, boys are usually encouraged to brawl and compete, while girls are encouraged to talk about how they feel, and how to talk, how to be sensitive and so on. And the communication you mention between men and women, I also believe that to be something that is taught. We don't do it deliberately, but kids pick up on these things. would you care you elaborate what you mean with "hard time communicating"? As for some of the other things I mentioned in the answer to sparrow, about the toys and children's choices. As for you (and many others) not thinking they live in a male dominated society, things have become more equal in many countries, there are still male dominated societies in the most equal ones as well. Not that women are pushed down or looked upon as less valued, but because the man is the norm. "The white, straight man is the perfect being" or at least that's what society tells us. They are on the top of the hierarchy. Why else is things non male looked down upon, if its not a male dominated society. Example: a woman is often nagging, while men usually just 'tells the truth', A women is cold-hearted, while the man is just being..a man? The man is 'tha awesome playa' getting all the women, and the women are? sluts and whores. And I believe these words are used to suppress women's sexuality, 'cause women aren't supposed to have any, that's wrong' We often don't think about what words we use and other stuff like that. But it's out there. Anduil - Sure women and men can have different reactions to things, and many of them might be biological, but most of them as i see it, are socialized and we internalize as well. Feidai - As you say, it's not all black and white, but that's not often what we see, media and commercials are showing us the stereotypes, and just as young people believe that there exists perfect people like in the commercials, we believe and internalize what we see around us. When really there are more differences Within the gender, than between them. Sevi - Nice example! And there's where I dont think that the penis makes the gun choice and the vagina makes the cooking set choice, because we identify ourselves with our own sex, and so a little girl is more likely to take after their mom than their dad, and if the women is the hunter and the dad the carer, i believe the kids will learn from that as well.