Kay! This is kind of a specific question about American politics. I understand the concepts political gerrymandering and racial gerrymandering, and I know political gerrymandering is allowed (Bush v. Vera) and racial gerrymandering isn't (shaw v. Reno). However, well, a state could claim the redrawing of the constituencies is political gerrymandering and not racial gerrymandering, right? I mean, it can redraw the constituencies knowing that the african-americans almost all vote democratic to get a democratic seat there, but claiming that it doesn't have to do with race. So how can you check it's racial gerrymandering? Or is it more of a symbolic agreement??