Ahhh AA, you are a gem, and so is Jim who often lightens the tone of these debates with a well-placed quip or two. After reading all the responses here I have to say that I agree with Overread. Limiting the birth of children should be voluntary to avoid all of the ethical issues attached to it. Education and giving couples the tools and social support to do it are the best way in my opinion. It isn't a bad thing that the cost of living means it is expensive to have and raise children. I'm not keen on the idea that it's a good thing to delay having children for the sake of gaining an education though. Biologically, it's not a good idea as the quality of reproductive cells apparently declines with age. Also, as parental age increases so does the possibility of conditions like Down's Syndrome occurring in the baby. Having two kids myself, I happen to know that having a baby is also really hard on a body. I think it's physically easier on women to heal after that when they are younger. Personally, I think it would be better biologically for women to have their children younger and then finish their education afterward. Plenty of women balance work with raising a young family already so why should balancing studying with raising young kids be any different? I had way more free time as a student than I ever did working full time anyway. If families had societal social support to facilitate having children in their early twenties (free childcare services for students and the option of part-time education schedules for parents for example), they could be entering the workforce as university/college graduates about the time when their youngest child was entering school. By putting a time limit on the window of childcare benefits, society could discourage the birth of additional children later without needing draconian population laws forbidding it. Those couples or individuals who didn't want to have kids could opt for a full-time schedule and just enter the workforce sooner. They'd still have the option of having kids later if they ever changed their minds... just without all the incentives and benefits of having them earlier. The expense and disadvantages of doing that would automatically limit population without the need for draconian laws dictating if, when and how many kids people should have. They'd be free to do what they wanted, so long as they accepted the consequences of their decision to do it that way.